A Study of Islam: Lesson 6 – Troubles with the KoranWritten by 9th Avenue Church of Christ on Apr 20, 2016 in - No Comments
Abu Bakr, before he died, named Umar to be his successor in leading the Islamic faith.
Umar’s leadership (“caliphate”) would last for 10 years. During that time, Islam spread into (at least parts of) Syria, Iraq, Egypt, Persia, and the city of Jerusalem.
Umar was murdered in 644 A.D. by a Persian slave, but had already named a six-person council to choose the next leader. Within the council and without, however, there was controversy. Some felt that Ali should now rule all Muslims to unite the faith. Still, he was not chosen. Uthman, a distant relative of Muhammad, was chosen.
Uthman, 11 years into his leadership, was murdered by members of his own army who felt that Muhammad’s close family was being intentionally overlooked. This murder firmly fixed the division between Suni and Shia in Islam that has never been resolved. In fact, some even broke off into a third group that opposed the whole division and murdered Ali in 661. They were known as the Kharijis (“seceders”).
A Few Inconsistencies (among many) in the Koran
It is important to note that, not only to Muslims claim the Koran to be inspired, but it claims perfection itself (Surah 4:82: “Why don’t they research the [Koran]? Don’t they realize that if it was from someone other than Allah, they would find many discrepancies in it.”
But there are many, many “discrepancies.” Here are a few:
Problems with inheritance laws. In Surah 4, laws for inheritance and how it is to be divided are given. The problem is that the math does not add up. The laws add up to more than would be left (in other words, more than 100%).
Problems with condemning false gods. Islam, of course, is monotheistic (one god), and it makes clear that Muslims are to speak out against false gods. However, in Surah 6:107-109, Muhammad was told not to speak out against these gods. In fact, if Muhammad had or had not followed the teachings of the Koran, he would have violated it!
Problems with Egyptian history. Some Biblical narratives also find their way into the Koran; however, the Islamic text often makes mistakes in consistency with these stories. For example, the Koran claims that the Egyptian magicians whom Moses confronted both were not (Surah 10:79-84) and were (Surah 7:120-122) converted to Islam. It also makes the same claims about Pharaoh himself, saying that he believed Allah, but then was killed in the Red Sea as an infidel.
Problems with Israelite history. Surah 5:18-21 states that Moses was the first king of the people of Israel. Of course, Saul was the first king and lived several centuries after Moses. Further, Surah 2:61 states that the people killed prophets during the days of Moses, which is nowhere found in the Bible or secular history.
If even one inconsistency or error is found in a text that claims to be divine, then the whole book falls. That is why we defend the Bible so fiercely. The Koran, however, is filled with factual errors and inconsistent stories. Thus, it fails the test of divine origin (inspiration).